The reputation of Burgundy wines, to which the Grand Dukes gave the first letters of nobility, has never ceased to assert itself. It is the character of excellence that gives its unity to wines with expressions so different from those offered by this vast and multiple region.
Located between Auxerre and the Mâcon region, on just 28,841 hectares, Burgundy winegrowing produces 84 Appellations d’Origine Contrôlée.
The five wine-growing regions of Burgundy from north to south are: The vineyards of Chablis and Grand Auxerrois, Côte de Nuits, Hautes Côtes de Nuits and Châtillonnais, Côte de Beaune and Hautes Côtes de Beaune, Côte Chalonnaise and Couchois, the Mâconnais vineyard.
As a whole, the climate of Burgundy is semi-continental, which results in cold winters and frequent frosts, even in spring. These spring frosts can have serious consequences on the vines, which are at this time in full vegetative period. On the other hand, the summers are hot and the autumns dry. However, this very extensive vineyard benefits from various climatic influences: continental or semi-continental to the east, oceanic to the west and Mediterranean to the south, with many local microclimates.
On all the vineyards of Burgundy, the varieties of vines are very old and famous, in particular the two grape varieties which represent almost 90% of the wine-growing area. Pinot Noir in red and Chardonnay in white. Gamay in red and Aligoté in white share the rest of the vineyard with other much less known grape varieties.
The term "Climate" in Burgundy is used with the name of an appellation to designate a locality or a cadastral parcel characterized by a type of soil and a defined microclimate.
Volnay is a French wine with a controlled designation of origin, produced in most of the commune of Volnay and a small part of the commune of Meursault, in Côte-d'Or. It is classified among the communal appellations of the Côte de Beaune vineyard.