Wine-growing Burgundy is located in east-central France, and extends from Auxerre to Mâcon over more than 230 km. With its 30,000 ha in production, the Burgundy vineyard represents 4% of French vineyards under protected designation.Overall, Burgundy's climate is semi-continental, which results in cold winters and frequent frosts, even in spring. These spring frosts can have serious consequences on the vines, which are at the height of the growing season at this time. On the other hand, summers are hot and autumns are dry. However, this very extensive vineyard benefits from diverse climatic influences: continental or semi-continental from the east, oceanic from the west and Mediterranean from the south, with numerous local microclimates.Burgundy is very fragmented, often divided into small plots. The La Romanée appellation, for example, only represents 0.8 ha of vineyard. The average size of an estate is only 6.5 ha. This fragmentation gives the impression of great complexity. It is for this reason that the Burgundians created climats, which make it possible to delimit plots of land according to the expression of their terroirs (climates, human labor, soils, etc.).